Engineer’s Day is celebrated on September 15 each year to commemorate the anniversary of Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya. This is everything you need to learn about the world-renowned engineer.
India observes Engineer’s Day to commemorate the birthday of the most famous Indian Engineer, Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, which falls on September 15 each year. Engineer’s Day is celebrated to pay tribute to Bharat Ratna Visvesvaraya, known as the ‘Father’ of Modern Mysore.’
A prolific engineer in civic engineering educator, economist, scholar, and educator in the early 20th century. Visvesvaraya contributed significantly to the engineering field. Yet, UNESCO celebrates World Engineer’s Day on March 4 each year. Engineer’s Day is observed to honor the efforts of many engineers who have contributed to this field, making our lives easier.
Who is Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya? Engineer’s Day
When it is Engineer’s Day, the nation honors Visvesvaraya for his contribution to the community. Born in Karnataka in 1861, Visvesvaraya studied Bachelor of Arts(BA) at the University of Mysore and then pursued a degree in civil engineering at the College of Science in Pune and later became one of the most prominent engineers in the nation.
Visvesvaraya began working as an engineering assistant within the Public Works Department of the Government of Bombay and contributed significantly to a number of technological initiatives launched in Mysore, Hyderabad, Odisha and Maharashtra. In 1912 he was appointed Diwan at Mysore and posted as Engineer-in-Charge. He built the famous Krishna Raja Sagar Dam in Mysore.
He brought significant changes in the banking sector and commerce, education, irrigation, agriculture and industrialization. And was also a well-known head for economic policy in India.
The Significant Contributions of Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
- His significant contributions include the block-based system of irrigation within the Deccan canals in 1899, as well as his flood-proofing system that was built in Hyderabad.
- The automatic floodgates for water initially built on the Khadakwasla reservoir in Pune in 1903 were later patentable. The state of India also presented him with the title of ‘Bharat Ratna’ in recognition of his contribution to the field.
- He also founded The Government Engineering College in Bengaluru in 1917. The college was later renamed University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering. The architect of Krishnaraja Sagar Dam was also one of the principal engineers of the dam’s flood defense system. Hyderabad.
- He was renowned for his irrigation skills and the ability to manage floods.
- He also wrote several books, including “Reconstructing India as a Nation” and “Planned Economic of India”.
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Honors and Awards:
The government of India gave Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya the highest civilian award in the form of Bharat Ratna in the year 1955 for his exceptional contribution to economic, industrial, and social initiatives. In addition, he was awarded the British Knighthood in the year of King George VV. The King added the letter “Sir” in front of his name.
Engineer’s Day 2022: Theme
This year’s theme of Engineer’s Day 2022 is ‘Engineering to a Healthy Planet: Celebrating the UNESCO Engineering Report. The theme for last year was Engineers for a self-sufficient India. Newsletters and social media, and marketing campaigns are all crucial in determining which theme to use for Engineer’s Day every year.
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